Industrial engineering is a diverse discipline concerned with optimizing integrated systems consisting of people, equipment, materials, information, energy, and capital. The industrial engineer works on innovation, raising the level of efficiency, development, performance, products, processes, services, improvements, and solving technical and engineering problems, which qualifies him to achieve the required achievement.
Industrial engineering attracts countless students annually. It is one of the sciences that accompanied the industrial revolution and the development of technology, and the essence of the Bachelor of Industrial Engineering degree focuses on giving students the basic concepts of undergraduate students about design and planning, and focuses on how to improve complex processes or systems or design more efficient things and waste less money and Time, raw resources, manpower and energy while following safety standards and regulations. Industrial engineers may use knowledge of mathematics, physics, as well as the social sciences to analyze, design, predict, and evaluate outcomes and obstacles to processes and equipment.
Engineering is a broad term that covers a wide range of applications and industries. By combining mathematics, science, and technology, engineers produce creative solutions to real-world problems. As a result, many different types of engineering certifications are available.
In this article you will read about:
The importance of studying industrial engineering?
Bachelor’s degree in Industrial Engineering
Duties of an industrial engineering graduate
Potential jobs for industrial engineering graduates
Pioneers of industrial engineering
The importance of studying industrial engineering?
Industrial engineering is part of a dynamic field that is always linked to evolving technology and spurring innovation.
The study of industrial engineering is flexible – students can pursue a more technical or more management-oriented path.
Industrial engineers enjoy a flexible career path that allows them to advance in many types of organizations. So they can work in all sectors of manufacturing, technology, hardware and healthcare.
In the manufacturing industry, the industrial engineer has access to quality control, statistical processes, and increased productivity through people management and business organization methods.
An industrial engineer can combine technical skills with business acumen, especially in areas as diverse as logistics, supply chain management, and analytics.
The industrial engineer computerizes institutions, including the design and implementation of advanced computer technologies for today’s high-tech world, and analyzes “big data”, which facilitates access to accurate decision-making in institutions, especially investment and commercial.
Industrial engineering focuses more on operations and finding ways to improve operations, as the specialty works in a relatively less technical field than other engineering disciplines.
Studying industrial engineering enables employment in a wide range of industries, including major manufacturing industries, hospitals, consulting services, engineering, and research and development firms.
Developing reliability and quality management systems to ensure that a manufactured product is free from defects, designing computer graphics systems to assist operators in monitoring industrial processes, and developing quality analysis programs to assess workplace safety.
The industrial engineer gets to work with customers on product specifications, suppliers on procurement, management personnel on manufacturing capabilities, and staff on project status.
Bachelor’s Degree in Industrial Engineering:
Industrial engineers solve problems using scientific management techniques combined with mathematical concepts. The most important thing a student learns is:
Production and operations planning.
Production and operations management.
Logistics scheduling, operations and material handling.
A bachelor’s degree is an undergraduate program that prepares students for careers in specific fields, or gives them the educational background to continue their studies and earn a master’s or doctoral degree. With an emphasis in industrial management, the use of technology and science to make business decisions.
Years of study differ from one country to another, and they are mostly between (4-5) years, in which university subjects, scientific and specialized practical courses vary.
Industrial engineering courses:
The industrial engineering major is built on the basis of multiple and related scientific courses in mathematics and science, and the courses vary in chemistry, physics, mechanics, materials science, computer science, electronics / circuits and engineering design. In addition, there are engineering mathematics courses, such as calculus, differential equations, and statistics. These science courses are required by nearly all accredited undergraduate engineering programs and prepare students for most engineering licensing exams.
After foundation courses, students take courses in industrial engineering classes. They cover areas such as systems theory, design or analysis, ergonomics, safety, randomness, optimization, advanced mathematics, and engineering economics.
Among those courses in specialization are:
Introduction to engineering
Analysis and design of engineering work
Integrated production systems
fluid mechanics (lab)
Maintenance and safety engineering
Electrical circuits and applied electronics
Enterprise planning and material handling
Electrical machines laboratory
There is a lot of practical material as bachelor’s degree programs usually include field and applied training distributed in classrooms and laboratories. This ends with a graduation thesis at the end of the last semester.
Duties of an industrial engineering graduate:
First of all, we mention that the tasks of the industrial engineering graduate revolve around three basic tasks:
Design: such as designing the shape or systems of mobile phones, products of all kinds, also designing the sales system, the recruitment system, etc
The core of mobile applications and other systems and devices.
Development and improvement: such as reducing waiting time, improving quality, improving service, increasing customer satisfaction, increasing sales, reducing waste in operations, and other tasks that improve an aspect of work.
Application and installation: designing the work environment so that it is installed in a manner suitable and suitable for employees, also arranging work stations inside the factory so that they are tidy and thus facilitate the manufacturing process.
Potential jobs for industrial engineering graduates:
Industrial engineers can work in both technical and management positions in the following areas:
Logistics service providers
Manufacturing and production industries
Consulting, information technology and engineering services
Research and development companies
Business systems analyst
Quality control manager
Health and Safety Manager
Director of Human Resources
Logistics manager or facilities engineer
Scheduling and Planning Manager
Pioneers of industrial engineering:
Samuel Colt: He was the first to come up with the idea of the assembly line.
Frederick Taylor: He is the first to present the idea of practical management and the study of time and motion.
Harrington Emerson: He described the basic techniques that improve production efficiency in his book entitled The Twelve Principles of Efficiency.
Henry Lawrence Gantt: He developed the chart for organizational management.
Henry Ford: He is the first to use the assembly line in the manufacture of cars.
Eliyahu Goldratt: He was the first to develop the theory of constraints and conditions, through which the most important factors that could hinder the progress of manufacturing, or any other process, were identified, and ways to improve them.
The field of industrial engineering combines different sciences concerned with technology, the production of goods, the performance of services, and the way people work.
Industrial engineering is an engineering discipline, and due to its multidisciplinary nature, it has played an important role in the development and improvement of various systems on both the macro and micro levels. The development of industrial engineering in many countries has a strong relationship with their industrial and economic development.
And it is considered that the most preferred areas for industrial engineering research in the future will be on topics related to information technology, intelligent systems, optimization, quality and other administrative processes.