Forensic engineering is the application of engineering knowledge to determine the cause of failure of a facility that has been subjected to collapse or has a defect, so the cause of damage to the facility, building, or any element of the building is determined. Forensic engineering involves the use of reverse engineering to find out why this component or structure is failing or failing to perform properly.
This name came similar to what is known in forensic medicine, which determines the cause of death of a person, whether the death was natural or criminal.
In fact, there are few Arabic writings in this field. There is a book by the well-known architect Muhammad Majid Kholousi and others on this subject (engineering and technical expertise reports) and another booklet by Dr. Osama Shawa. In addition to some other scattered writings.
Forensic engineering can be defined as the investigation of failures—ranging from serviceable to catastrophic—that might lead to lawful activity, including civil and criminal activities. It involves the investigation of materials, products, structures, or components that have malfunctioned, are not working, or are not working properly. intended, causing personal injury, property damage, or economic loss.The consequences of failure may result in action under criminal or civil law including but not limited to health and safety legislation, contract laws and/or product liability and tort laws.Domain deals Also with retraces and actions that lead to accidents while operating vehicles or machinery.In general, the purpose of a forensic engineering investigation is to determine the cause or causes of failure with the aim of improving the performance or life of a component, or to assist a court in determining the facts of an accident.It may also include Investigate intellectual property claims, especially patents.