Engineering Economics

Capital management

Capital Management is a matter for most people. For many of them, the question of what capital management is is key. Most people know that money flows through the economy globally, but they don’t understand its complexities. Understanding the concept of capital management is the question of many people in different markets.

Capital management is defined as a financial strategy or strategies aimed at ensuring maximum efficiency. Capital management can be discussed at the individual, company and institutional level.

Although the exact definition of capital management is quite complex, it is largely focused on the management of money by a company or an individual. In this article we will explain what money management is and how to learn it. Also, in this article, the subject of capital management in different markets will be discussed.

What is capital management?

What is capital management and what does it involve is the question of many people and companies in the world. In the following, what is capital management and what are its applications in different aspects will be discussed. Capital management (CM) is a financial strategy that aims to ensure maximum efficiency in the cash flows of a company or an individual.

The objective of the business is to have sufficient means to meet his daily expenses as well as his short-term financial obligations. Any definition of capital management must include balance. The ultimate goal of capital management is maximum efficiency among a number of competing factors.

Sometimes a company’s financial condition can be improved by cutting unnecessary expenses. Other times, it is possible to increase revenue by making a small change in one of the main areas of the business. By knowing what actions to take as well as when to take them, capital can be managed effectively.

Capital management

Capital management relies on a detailed analysis of assets and liabilities and managing each of its components separately to improve the efficiency and profitability of the company. Sometimes a company’s financial condition can be improved by cutting unnecessary expenses.

Other times, it is possible to increase revenue by making a small change in one of the main areas of the business. When capital is managed properly, the company should see an increase in its financial level. It is very important to focus on key areas of the company and use effective strategies. Capital management plays a major role in risk management.

Capital management training

According to the CFO, capital management strategies are divided into three categories: conservative strategies, offensive strategies and hedging strategies.

conservative strategies

Conservative strategies include working capital financing with lower risk and profitability. In this approach, in addition to fixed and current assets, part of the temporary working capital is also financed from long-term sources.

In other words, they are long-term investment strategies that tend to lower interest rates and profitability and finance part of the current production cycle. The conservative strategy has fewer benefits but provides more security for the company.


Offensive strategies

Offensive strategies prioritize profitability over safety. Short-term investment funds with high interest rates finance current cycle costs and it is interesting to know that long-term funds are used only to finance fixed assets and part of permanent working capital.

Hedging strategies

Hedging strategies fall somewhere between conservative and offensive strategies. They are so diverse that it is difficult to define precisely. However, people skilled in money management use a number of techniques to manage risk and return in the long and short term.

What is working capital management?

To define working capital management, it is necessary to first define the concept of working capital and clarify its meaning. In the following, the concept of working capital will be explained. The working capital of a company is actually a group of amounts that are invested in current assets.

If current liabilities are deducted from current assets, the net amount of working capital is obtained. Working capital management consists of determining the amount and composition of resources and expenditures in such a way as to maximize shareholder wealth. Companies keep working capital to support the company’s core activities and operations because the company always needs some cash to purchase raw materials.

Working capital management

Working capital is used as a measure to measure the liquidity of a company. The higher the amount of working capital, the more liquid the company. In short, working capital is an investment that enables the continuation of the company’s activity in the short term to support its main activity and long-term investments and reach its long-term goals.

Capital management is defined as the management of the resources and short-term costs of a firm. Current assets and current liabilities are usually funded from current and expected sales. The main objective of working capital management is to enable the company to maintain sufficient cash flow to cover short-term operating expenses and short-term debt obligations.

By deducting current assets from current liabilities, a company’s working capital is calculated. These (short-term) resources and expenditures are the main components of its formation.

In addition, financial managers determine the amount of investment in each of these elements and bring it to the desired level. Financial managers also determine the amount of funds needed to prepare and finance current assets and the sources of providing these funds.

What are the factors affecting capital management?

There are many ways to manage capital and reduce risk. Such as knowing the market, setting profit and loss limits, and following a specific trading system. Below we describe some of these factors:

Know the market you intend to work in!


The most important thing before investing in any market is to know its rules and intricacies. Financial markets are specialized markets and each branch has its own unique characteristics. As a result, in order to better manage capital and reduce risks, it is necessary to learn basic principles and analysis methods (such as technical analysis).

For example, if you intend to invest in the Stock Exchange, one of the first steps you should take is to train the Stock Exchange.

Do you have your own trading system?

One of the most important differences between successful investors and other investors is the personal trading method. Because when you learn the principles of the capital market, you will encounter a large amount of information and different methods. Of course, no one can learn all these methods. Therefore, it is better to choose some methods that match your mood and learn them deeply.

Set a profit and loss limit for yourself

Since the outcome of any investment can never be 100% certain, it is necessary to determine the profit and loss limit. You should determine the appropriate return range for yourself by checking the conditions and knowing the area in which you are investing, and sell your holdings by making a profit or loss as much as you determine. This prevents huge losses from occurring when market conditions are unfavorable.


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